Muaid I Aziz *
Sarwar A Abdulla **
* Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sulaimani.
** Department of Otolaryngology/ Head and Neck Surgery, Sulaimani Teaching Hospital. Sulaimani Directorate of Health
THE EFFICACY OF INTRANASAL CORTICOSTEROID THERAPY ON THE ADENOID HYPERTROPHY
Adenoid hypertrophy is associated with high morbidity rate in children. Although surgical treatment is indicated in severe cases, however there are evidences that some medical treatments are effective in improving symptoms and signs of patients with adenoid hypertrophy.
To evaluate the effect of intranasal corticosteroid in improving the symptoms and signs that caused by adenoid hypertrophy.
Patients and Methods
One hundred and thirteen patients with symptoms and signs of adenoid hypertrophy were included in this study with an age range from 3-12 years, using intranasal corticosteroid (Betamethasone 0.1% nasal drops) for of 8 weeks were evaluated pre and post treatment depending on clinical presentation and lateral neck radiography.
Clinical features of adenoid hypertrophy significantly less frequent after using intranasal corticosteroid. P value <0.05 was significant for nasal obstruction, snoring, mouth breathing, sleep disturbance, nasal discharge and postnasal drip while not significant >0.05 % for hyponasal speech. The radiographic findings revealed that adenoid size after treatment with intranasal corticosteroid drop was significantly decreased and airway diameter was significantly more than before treatment.
According to our study, intranasal Betamethasone improved the symptoms and sings of adenoid hypertrophy and can be considered an alternative effective non-surgical treatment for mild and moderate adenoid hypertrophy and some symptomatic relieve of severe adenoid hypertrophy.
Keywords: Adenoid hypertrophy, Intranasal corticosteroid, Betamethasone nasal drops, Nasal Obstruction