Karwan Raoof Hassan*
Ismaeel Hama Ameen**
Zhian Salah Ramzi***
*Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sulaimani.
**Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sulaimani.
***Department of Family and Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sulaimani.
TYPES OF ORGANISMS CAUSING URINARY TRACT INFECTION AND THEIR ANTIBIOTIC SENSITIVITY PATTERN IN SULAIMANI TEACHING HOSPITAL
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is amongst the most common bacterial infections that prompt patients to seek medical advice. Approximately 10% of human populations get urinary tract infection at some stage of their live.
The study was carried out to determine the types of micro-organisms causing UTI and their sensitivity to antibiotics in Sulaimani Teaching Hospital.
Records of patients admitted in Sulaimani Teaching Hospital, who had complicated UTI, were studied for a period of five years, from 1st December 2006 to 1st December 2010. All study subjects who had positive records of urine sample cultures inoculated on MacConkey and blood agar media were included in the study. The isolated bacteria were identified using biochemical tests. Disk diffusion susceptibility test was used to determine susceptibility of bacterial agents to antibiotics.
A total of 2055 urine samples were found to be positive. The main isolated organism was Escherichia coli (E coli) 67.69%, followed by Pseudomonus aeruginosa 11.24%, then Proteus Species 7.15%, Gram negative bacilli 4.53%, Staphylococcus aureus 4.23%, Klebsiella species 3.55% and lastly Salmonella species represented 1.61%.
The commonest microorganism for UTI in this study was E coli, followed by Pseudomonas, Proteus. Resistance of organisms to antibiotics is high probably due to misuse and overuse of antibiotics.
Keywords: UTI, Sulaimani, Urine culture and sensitivity